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                          ◆ 您现在的位置: 嘉兴英语教学网 >> 试题下载 >> 高考模拟 >> 试题信息:江苏省镇江市2017届高三上学期第一次模拟考英语试题
                          江苏省镇江市2017届高三上学期第一次模拟考英语试题

                          2017届高三年级第一次模拟考试(镇江市)

                          英语本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。总分为120分。考试时间120分钟。
                          第Ⅰ卷(选择题 共85分)
                          第一部分:听力(共两节,满分20分)
                          第一节(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)
                          听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一题。每段对话仅读一遍。
                          (  ) 1.  Who is the woman?
                          A.  Mary.         B. Mary's sister.      C. Mary's mother.
                          (  ) 2.  When did the man live in London?
                          A.  Last year.              B. Last month.            C. When he was a child.
                          (  ) 3.  What happened to the man just now?
                          A. He met an old friend on the street.
                          B. He mistook the woman for his friend.
                          C. Lydia paid an unexpected visit to him.
                          (  ) 4.  Why did the man change his mind probably?
                          A.  He didn't bring enough money.  B. He forgot his wallet.   C. He didn't need that much fruit.
                          (  ) 5.  What are the speakers mainly talking about?
                          A. The role of shopping in people's lives.  
                          B. How to promote sales.
                          C, The importance of mass media.
                          第二节(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)
                          听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的做答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
                          听第6段材料,回答第6至8题。
                          (  ) 6.  What's the most probable relationship between the speakers?
                          A.  Friends.                B. Husband and wife.        C. Neighbors.
                          (  ) 7.  What are the speakers doing?
                          A.  Making a birthday cake.   B. Cooking a huge dinner.    C. Preparing for a party.
                          (  ) 8.  What has the woman finished doing?
                          A.  Putting up a big sign.   B. Buying a tape.           C. Putting candles on the cake.
                          听第7段材料,回答第9至10题。
                          (  ) 9.  How many pictures did the woman take in all?
                          A.  One.                  B. Two.                   C. Three.
                          (  )10.  Where will the speakers take another picture together?
                          A.  In front of the garden.    B. Near the flowers.         C. Near the falls.
                          听第8段材料,回答第11至12题。
                          (  )11.  What is true about the factory tour?
                          A. Tourists can visit the factory anytime.  
                          B. It is sponsored by the car company.
                          C. It is only good for the company.
                          (  )12.  What will the man do next?
                          A. Make a phone call to get some information.  
                          B. Book tickets to go home.
                          C. Go to the factory to make an appointment.
                          听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。
                          (  )13.  What makes the suit special?
                          A.  Its style.              B. Its material.              C. Its color.
                          (  )14.  How much does the woman want for the suit today?
                          A.  $600.                B. $750.                   C. $900.
                          (  )15.  What does the man think of the suit?
                          A. It's good but a little expensive.  
                          B. It's stylish but a little uncomfortable.
                          C. It's a little old-fashioned.
                          (  )16.  Why can't the woman reduce the price of the suit?
                          A. The material comes from France.  
                          B. She is not the owner of the shop.
                          C. It is already on sale.
                          听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。
                          (  )17.  What season is it now?
                          A.  Fall.  B. Spring.  C. Summer.
                          (  )18. What was the weather like this afternoon?
                          A.  Windy.   B. Rainy.   C. Foggy.
                          (  )19.  What will the weather be like this evening?
                          A.  Cold.   B. Pleasant.   C. Cloudy.
                          (  )20. What will the daytime temperature be in the next three days?
                          A.  About 40 degrees.   B. About 50 degrees.   C. About 60 degrees.

                          第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分35分)
                          第一节:单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)
                          请认真阅读下面各题,从题中所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。
                          (  )21.  Memories from childhood stay with us forever, taking us ________ we have been and will go.
                          A.  what  B. how  C. where  D. that
                          (  )22.  When someone ________, it more than doubles his or her chances of being helpful again.
                          A.  thanks  B. is thanked  C. was thanked  D. thanked
                          (  )23.  As to Gaokao reform, the spokesman had a sincere conversation with journalists, the press release of ________ has already been made public.
                          A.  whom  B. which  C. when  D. where
                          (  )24.  When you cast a ________  for others, you help them see their potential and their possibilities.
                          A.  glance  B. doubt  C. shadow  D. vision
                          (  )25.  APEC economies will continue to ________ food security needs, and how best to meet them through policy action.
                          A.  satisfy  B. assess  C. overlook  D. remove
                          (  )26.  ________ you try to do something beyond what you have already mastered, you will never grow.
                          A.  Once  B. If  C. Because  D. Unless
                          (  )27.  I did better, but I still wasn't as focused as I ________.
                          A.  should do  B. should have been  C. should be  D. should have done
                          (  )28.  Women deserve to be treated with dignity and they should make their voices ________ in the world.
                          A.  heard  B. having heard  C. hearing  D. to be heard
                          (  )29. —It's a complete mess.  Where are the kitchen table tops?
                          —At the back.  We ________  them by 7 pm this evening.
                          A.  are placing  B. have placed  C. will be placing  D. will have placed
                          (  )30.  If you manage to survive the crisis, think about how it will help you ________ new challenges.
                          A.  give up  B. take up  C. hold up  D. put up
                          (  )31.  The life you live will expand or shrink ________  the measure of courage you display.
                          A.  in proportion to  B. in place of  C. in competition with  D. in return for
                          (  )32.  —I will go on a diet tomorrow.
                          —________.  You've said that over a million times.
                          A.  Take your time  B. I don't enjoy myself   C. Beg your pardon  D. I don't buy it
                          (  )33.  More employers now offer fresh college graduates ________ jobs, hoping to seek out experienced candidates.
                          A.  contemporary  B. temporary  C. permanent  D. primitive
                          (  )34.  Anne lost her wallet and Mother wasn't surprised that ________ as she was too careless.
                          A.  she was so  B. so was she  C. so did she  D. she did so
                          (  )35.  —How come Joan hasn't typed the report yet?
                          —Oh, my dear lady, take it easy.  She is ________ in computer operation.
                          A.  a green hand  B. a black sheep   C. a dark horse  D. a blue stocking
                          第二节:完形填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)
                          请认真阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。
                          It is impossible to perform consistently in a manner inconsistent with the way we see ourselves.  In other words, we usually act in direct __36__  to our self-image.  Nothing is more difficult to __37__  than changing outward actions without changing inward feelings.
                          One of the best ways to __38__  those inward feelings is to put some 搒uccess
                          All the way home I taught her how to sell candy bars.  I __45__  each teaching point with a half dozen You can do it梱ourr smile will __46__  them over桰I believe in you phrases.  By the end of our fifteen-minute  __47__, the young lady sitting beside me had become a __48__  saleslady.
                          At the end of the day, all thirty bars had been sold.  She excitedly __49__  as I tucked her into bed that night: “Oh God, thanks for the candy sale at school.  It's great.”
                          Elizabeth's prayer reflects the heart's __50__  of every person.  We all want to be winners.  The next day Elizabeth came home __51__  another box of candy bars.  She'd exhausted (用完,耗尽) the __52__  of friendly neighbours, and she was thrust into the cruel world of the unknown buyer.  __53__  I offered encouragement and a few more selling tips.  And she did it.  The experience __54__  two days of selling, two sold-out performances, two happy people, and one boosted __55__.  How we see ourselves reflects how others see us.
                          (  )36.  A.  opposition  B. response  C. preference  D. contrast
                          (  )37.  A.  accomplish  B. acknowledge  C. appreciate  D. allocate
                          (  )38. A.  follow  B. control  C. injure  D. improve
                          (  )39.  A.  chance  B. tendency  C. need  D. competence
                          (  )40.  A.  turned  B. complained  C. warmed  D. submitted
                          (  )41.  A.  sale  B. delivery  C. present  D. bargain
                          (  )42.  A.  forced  B. ordered  C. challenged  D. warned
                          (  )43.  A.  When  B. While  C. If  D. Because
                          (  )44.  A.  negative  B. further  C. rough  D. positive
                          (  )45.  A.  decorated  B. surrounded  C. rewarded  D. classified
                          (  )46. A.  get  B. take  C. win  D. look
                          (  )47.  A.  complaint  B. quarrel  C. amusement  D. drive
                          (  )48.  A.  committed  B. nervous  C. frightened  D. pretty
                          (  )49. A.  wrote  B. prayed  C. recalled  D. recommended
                          (  )51.  A.  humour  B. impression  C. desire  D. justice
                          (  )51. A.  toward  B. without  C. for  D. with
                          (  )52. A.  resource  B. emotion  C. supply  D. dignity
                          (  )53.  A.  Again  B. Deliberately  C. Instead  D. Eventually
                          (  )54.  A.  added to  B. amounted to  C. came to  D. catered to
                          (  )55.  A.  self-help  B. self-study  C. self-respect  D. self-image
                          第三部分:阅读理解(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
                          请认真阅读下列短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。
                          A

                          Raise. me is a neutral platform that allows sponsors and colleges to award Micro-Scholarships to students based on Colleges' and/or Sponsors' award criteria.
                          By using the services, you should understand the following:
                          Connecting with Users:
                          Educators may only connect with students from the schools or organizations that they serve, and may connect with an individual student only with that student's permission.  Educators may also connect with colleges and sponsors via the services.
                           Students may only connect with educators from their own schools and organizations, and may connect with an individual educator only with that educator's permission.
                          Students may elect to follow sponsors via the services.  Sponsors may only view the profiles (简介) of students who elect to follow them.
                          Qualifying for Micro-Scholarships:
                          Students can earn Micro-Scholarships based on the courses and achievements they add to their profiles while they are in high school.
                          Students may only be awarded Micro-Scholarships from colleges and sponsors that they follow before the applicable College's and/or Sponsor's “Follow Deadline” for their class year, which is a date set by each college and sponsor and stated on such college's or sponsor's page on the services.  Once a College's or Sponsor's Follow Deadline has passed, students who are seniors in high school may not continue to earn Micro-Scholarships from such college or sponsor.
                          (  )56.  By using the services, both educators and students may ________.
                          A.  connect with the schools or organizations at the same time
                          B. get in touch with each other with both sides' permission
                          C. connect with colleges and sponsors at the proper time
                          D. freely elect sponsors who elect to follow them
                          (  )57.  What are the qualifications for students to be awarded Micro-Scholarships?
                          A.  Making academic achievements and meeting the “Follow Deadline”.
                          B. Making beautiful profiles and completing the required courses.
                          C. Setting an accurate date and meeting the “Follow Deadline”.
                          D. Continuing to contact sponsors and adding an academic achievement.
                          B
                          Spatial navigation (空间导航) relies on brain regions that are commonly affected by the early stages of Alzheimer's disease.  Before severe and obvious memory problems set in and people are diagnosed with dementia (痴呆), they might report problems with finding their way around and frequently get lost in familiar neighborhoods.  In that early stage, however, it is difficult to know whether their damaged navigational skills are actually due to the disease or simply a part of normal aging—because we currently don't have a firm grasp on what “normal” is.
                          In their recent study, Spiers and his colleagues aimed to change that by establishing a common baseline for adults' navigational skills, which naturally decline with age.  For that, the researchers needed large numbers of people梙encee the idea for crowdsourcing the experiment via a gaming APP that measures spatial navigation ability.
                          Navigating inside a game may not be exactly the same as finding one's way in a real-world situation.  But people are likely to use the same cognitive mechanisms (认知机制) in both situations.  “If you are good at navigating, you'll do well in the game.  And if you are bad at finding your way out there, you'll also struggle in the video game,” Spiers says, adding that their team still plans to compare the game performance with real-life performance in near future.
                          Since its launch in May, some 2.5 million healthy people have played Sea Hero Quest, making it one of the most impressive scientific experiments to date just by the sheer number of participants.  “To my knowledge, never before has spatial navigation been quantified on such a large scale,” says Katherine Possin, an assistant professor of neuropsychology at the University of California, San Francisco, who was not involved with the research.
                          So far one of the main findings coming out of Sea Hero Quest is a simple linear decline with age: From the age 19 onward, spatial navigation steadily worsens from year to year.  The 19-year-olds were able to remember their starting point and accurately hit it by shooting a flare (信号弹) back to that position 74 percent of the time. Those aged 75 succeeded only 46 percent of the time.
                          Another finding is that men appear to perform better than women on these specific tasks.  Although this finding seems to fit with the long-held assumption that men are better navigators, rather it may reflect that males have more experience with games.  The researchers tried to account for this possibility, yet still found a gender difference in performance.  Spiers notes, however, that the games boys and girls play in early childhood梬hichh could influence brain development and spatial skills—are much harder to account for.  “The question is why.  And we don't have an answer yet,” Spiers says.  “We are really skimming the surface.  There's so much data from everyone who's played the game.  We have two years of analysis ahead of us.”
                          (  )58.  What is the main purpose in experimenting via gaming?
                          A.  To compare Alzheimer's disease and normal aging. 
                          B. To provide a baseline measure of navigation ability.
                          C. To figure out the way of dealing with dementia.  
                          D. To find out how to firmly grasp what “normal” is.
                          (  )59.  According to the third paragraph, what Spiers says indicates that ________.
                          A.  the levels of performance in both situations are tightly correlated
                          B. the popularity of the game makes itself a more impressive experiment
                          C. the plan to compare the game and real life has been carefully made
                          D. the scale of the game is so large that it is difficult to quantify
                          (  )60.  What can we infer from the last two paragraphs?
                          A. Men were assumed to be better game players long before.
                          B. Spatial navigation betters steadily from the age 19 onward.
                          C. The reason for data being analysed is hard to account for.
                          D. The findings reveal variations based on age and gender.
                          C
                          The habit-forming process within our brains is a three-step loop (回路).  First, there is a cue, a trigger that tells your brain to go into automatic mode (模式) and which habit to use.  Then there is the routine, which can be physical or mental or emotional, Finally, there is a reward, which helps your brain figure out if this particular loop is worth remembering for the future.  Over time, this loop梒uee, routine, reward梑ecomess more and more automatic.  The cue and reward become intertwined (交织) until a powerful sense of anticipation and a desire appears.  Eventually, a habit is born.
                          Habits aren't destiny.  Habits can be ignored, changed, or replaced.  But the reason the discovery of the habit loop is so important is that it reveals a basic truth: When a habit appears, tile brain stops fully participating in decision making.  It stops working so hard, or shifts focus to other tasks.  So unless you deliberately fight a habit梪nlesss you find new routines梩hee pattern will unfold automatically.
                          Habits never really disappear.  They're encoded (嵌入) into the structures of our brain, and that's a huge advantage for us, because it would be awful if we had to relearn how to drive after every vacation.  The problem is that your brain can't tell the difference between bad and good habits, and so if you have a bad one, it's always lurking (蛰伏) there, waiting for the right cues and rewards.
                          This explains why it's so hard to create exercise habits, for instance, or change what we eat.  Once we develop a routine of sitting on the sofa, rather than runing, or snacking whenever we pass a doughnut box, those patterns always remain inside our heads.  By the same rule, though, if we learn to create new neurological (神经系统的) routines that overpower those behaviors—if we take control of the habit loop—we can force those bad tendencies into the background.  And once someone creates a new pattern, studies have demonstrated, going for a jog or ignoring the doughnuts becomes as automatic as any other habit.
                          Of course, those decisions are habitual, effortless.  As long as your basal ganglia (基底核) is complete and the cues remain constant, the behaviors will occur unthinkingly.  At the same time, however, the brain's dependence on automatic routines can be dangerous.  Habits are often as much a curse as a benefit.
                          (  )61. What can we learn about the habit loop from the first two paragraphs?
                          A.  It helps your brain understand what is worth remembering.
                          B. It is a three-step loop consisting of a cue, a routine and a reward.
                          C. It becomes automatic and develops a sense of anticipation and desire.
                          D. It reveals a basic truth that the pattern of a habit wilt unfold automatically.
                          (  )62. The advantage of habits never really disappearing is that ________.
                          A.  we can easily change what we eat  B. we develop a routine of sitting on the sofa
                          C. we don't necessarily learn a skill again  D. we can distinguish between bad and good habits
                          (  )63. What can be inferred from the last sentence in Paragraph 4?
                          A.  Habits can be changed and replaced.   B. Habits can not be ignored or created.
                          C. Old patterns always exist in our brain.   D. New patterns seldom remain in our heads.
                          (  )64.  What does the passage mainly talk about?
                          A.  The discovery of the habit loop.   B. The automatic pattern of habits.
                          C. The research on the habit-forming process.   D. The brain's dependence on automatic routines.
                          D
                          One steamy July afternoon in central Arkansas, I was working on an important project in my home office with a dear friend and colleague.  My trusty printer was churning out (快速生产) a time-sensitive report when it simply stopped.  After fifteen minutes of trying to repair, I decided to buy a new printer. Upon our return, my heart froze to see my house on fire.
                          Despite having spent much of my life writing, I was still lost for adequate words to describe the sick, sinking feeling of seeing your home, business, and belongings going up in flames along with photographs and memories collected over a lifetime.  But the panic that filled my shocked heart in that awful moment was for the nine cats that shared my home after being rescued from situations of abuse and abandonment.
                          Responding to an early security-system warning, the amazing firefighters arrived in record time, but the chemical-laden smoke had already caused deaths.  I examined and kissed each cat goodbye, extremely grateful that they had passed gently, without injuries or burns.
                          Only animal lovers really understand the unbelievable impact that the loss of one beloved four-legged family member can have on your heart, mind and soul.  The loss of so many dearly loved creatures sent me reeling (发 蒙).
                          After staying with another great friend for a couple of weeks, I was relocated to a furnished apartment.  One evening, about a month after moving in, I was occupied in writing a mystery novel when a falsetto “meow” sounded from outside the apartment door.  Was it my mind playing tricks again? More than once I had heard, seen or felt the brush of one of my departed furry roommates.  The meow grew louder and more insistent.  Curious, I opened the door.
                          Sitting on the doorstep was a kitten (小猫) with an exotic black coat and alert amber eyes.  A neighbor walking by picked him up and began petting him.  When I remarked how cute her kitten was, she explained that he had been born under a bridge and looked around for food.  This kitty-loving neighbor was quick to offer an extra litter box if I was interested in giving him a home.  My immediate reaction was a facetious (开玩笑的) “that's all I need!” After_all,_my_resolution_(决心)_had_been_well_reasoned_and_remained_firm.  But without hesitation she put the adorable kitten down.  I thanked her and closed the door, resolved to just let him stay until a real home could be found.
                          That night, as I slid between the sheets of the still unfamiliar bed in the still unfamiliar apartment, the energetic little fur ball jumped onto the bed, yawned dramatically, and nestled by my side.  Those who have never shared a sleep with a creature or two may not relate, but that was the first night since the fire that I actually slept.  Stubbornly determined not to open myself to more animals—to more pain—I had refused to admit how desperately I missed having a warm fuzzy cuddled (依偎) close.
                          Needless to say, the cat community knew the precise prescription for healing far better than I.  The name Starlight (Star for short) seemed perfect because that night he brought some light back into my life. 
                          Star adores wrestling rubber bands, races up and down the stairs, darts outside anytime the door opens, suddenly appears everywhere I don't want him to be, holds onto the broom while I'm trying to sweep, and rolls in catnip or whatever else happens to be on the floor.  In hindsight (事后看来), a better name might have been “Star, Stop It!”
                          In the five years since the fire, we have been through a lot, Starlight and I.  We returned to the house, managed to keep the business alive, brought the mystery novel to the final edits before it's submitted in hopes of publication, and made a lot more resolutions.  Star helped me through a massive, yet untraditional, healing of spirit. The memories of the kitties that passed in the fire now spark only warmth in my heart and win some smiles.  Every single day, I appreciate the serendipitous (有意外收获的) nature of the Universe that sent me hope in the form of a little black furball.
                          So take a little advice from my furry friend: no matter how hopeless things may become or how fixed your resolution may be, open the door whenever opportunity knocks.  It just might be a star to light your way.
                          (  )65.  What made the author relieved after the fire was put out?
                          A.  A new printer helping finish the time-sensitive report.
                          B. A description of the belongings going up in flames.
                          C. The cats being rescued from situations of abandonment.
                          D. The cats being dead without receiving injuries in the fire.
                          (  )66.  What probably caused the author to open the door?
                          A.  The idea of seeing his beloved four-legged family member again.
                          B. The impact of the loss of loved creatures on his mind and soul.
                          C. The brush of his departed furry roommates playing tricks on him.
                          D. The curiosity about the novel written in memory of his cats.
                          (  )67.  What does the underlined sentence in Paragraph 6 mean?
                          A.  The author desired to make friends with a cat-loving neighbor.
                          B. The author made a decision not to take in any animals.
                          C. The author didn't consider a cat-loving neighbor as a friend.
                          D. The author made a decision to adopt other animals.
                          (  )68.  The author had had a good sleep for the first time since the fire mainly because ________.
                          A.  he never shared a sleep with a kitten  B. he refused to admit missing a kitten
                          C. he determined to open himself to pain  D. he accepted the kitten and slept with it
                          (  )69.  What did the author say about Starlight?
                          A.  It was very naughty and made him annoyed.   
                          B. It knew how to make up prescriptions for healing.
                          C. It made him regain hope and make progress.  
                          D. It should have been given a wrong name “Starlight”.
                          (  ) 70. What is the best title for the passage?
                          A.  The Dream for Kittens  B. Ways to Remove Sadness
                          C. The Power of Resolutions  D. Starlight to Give Hope

                          第Ⅱ卷(非选择题,共两大题,35分)
                          第四部分:任务型阅读(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
                          请认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。注意:每个空格只填1个单词。
                          Between 1938 and 1942, researchers in Boston were busy getting down to a study of adolescent boys and their family relationships.  Some 60 years later, different researchers followed up with the participants and found that those raised in warmer family environments were more securely attached to their partners in the later years of life.
                          In a study published last week in Psychological Science, co-authors Robert Waldinger, a psychiatrist at Harvard Medical School, and Marc Schulz, a psychologist at Bryn Mawr College, combined many decades of data previously gathered on a group of men with data they recently collected on the same men offer a unique long-term thinking on the connection between early childhood environment, how men regulate emotions in middle age and the security of their attachments in close relationships late in life.
                          Security of attachment, a concept that first appeared in the 1960s, is the idea that because we are helpless for large portions of our childhood and old age we need to be good at forming attachments with others and keeping them around to take care of us.  “Each person has certain people who are their main attachment figures,” Waldinger says—in other words, the person you would “call in the middle of the night if you were terrified and needed someone to come over.”
                          We start forming attachments at a very young age and continue to do so throughout our lives.
                          Waldinger and Schulz determined that regardless of socioeconomic standing the men raised in warmer family environments used more adaptive strategies to manage their negative emotions in midlife, and were also more securely attached to their partners late in life. These results suggest our childhood environment affects our relationships not only into adulthood but for the rest of our lives.
                          For Schulz, the findings highlight the need for services such as family leave that support parents and allow them to create better family environments. He also stresses the importance of good social services that can get involved when children end up in poor or unsafe family settings. “Kids may not remember specific events, particularly early in their lifetimes,” Schulz says, “But the accumulation of loving, nurturing family environments really has an impact over a long period of time.”
                          Waldinger and Schulz also emphasize that there are many ways to overcome having a less-than-idyllic childhood, such as actively working on developing warmer, healthier relationships as an adult or learning how to use more adaptive strategies to deal with negative emotions.
                          Chris Fraley, a psychologist at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign who studies attachment but was not involved in the present study, was surprised by the results. “There are so many ways in which people's lives can evolve across time,” such as financial hardships, illness, divorce or occupational uncertainty, he wrote in an e-mail, adding, “The fact that the authors found such an association is remarkable, and raises a number of questions about the factors that explain why it exists.” Fraley pointed out, however, that the study is small, a limitation the researchers themselves acknowledge. He also cautioned that an association between early childhood experiences and attachment later in life doesn't necessarily mean the former causes the latter.
                          Still, the best option is to provide kids with a warm family environment early in life, Waldinger says. “The bottom line is that how we take care of children is just so vitally important. And protecting their development is essential for lifelong well-being.”
                          Theme The happier the childhood, the stronger the bonds in old age.
                          Result of
                          the study People who are (71)________ up in warmer family environments have more (72)________ attachments with their partners in the later years of life.
                          Concept of security attachment  Security of attachment, a concept first (73)________ in the 1960s, is the idea that due to our helplessness in most of our childhood and old age we need to be good at forming attachments with others and keeping them around to take care of us.
                           Each person has some people to (74)________ to when he is terrified or needs company or comfort badly.
                          Findings of Waldinger and Schulz  Our childhood environment affects our relationships both into adulthood and for the rest of our lives.
                           Services like family leave make it (75)________ for parents to create a better family environment for cultivating children.
                           Good social services can get involved when children end up in poor or unsafe family settings.
                           (76)________ the fact that Kids may not remember specific events, particularly early in their lifetimes, the accumulation of loving, nurturing family environments really makes a (77)________ to our relationships over a long period of time.
                           There are many ways to overcome having a less-than-idyllic childhood, learning how to use more adaptive strategies to deal with negative emotions included.
                          Chris Fraley's opinion  The fact of finding such an association is remarkable, and raises many questions about the factors which explain the reason for its (78)________.
                           An (79)________ between early childhood experiences doesn't necessarily cause attachment later in life.
                          Conclusion (80)________ options we make, the best one is to provide kids with a warm family environment early in life.
                          第五部分:书面表达(满分25分)
                          国外老师上Social Studies这类课的时候,常常用到“成功冰山(Success Iceberg)”的例子。请你根据下面的图和相关文字叙述,按照要求用英语写一篇150词左右的文章。
                           
                          Everyone is familiar with the phrase “Hard work is the key to success”.  Some people think that luck is the only solution to success while many others believe that success includes compromise, persistence, dedication, and failures.  To conclude it, I consider that “Success is an iceberg”.  We are all acquainted with the structure of the iceberg which floats in the sea.  Only a small portion of the iceberg is visible while the large portion is hidden under the water.  Iceberg can be perfectly related with success.  Achievement, which is seen by everyone, can be compared to the visible portion of the iceberg while the hard work behind success is the bottom of the iceberg.
                          【写作内容】
                          1. 用约30个单词概述上述信息的主要内容;
                          2. 结合上述信息,简要分析你对“成功冰山”的理解;
                          3. 举例说明“成功冰山”对你的启示。
                          【写作要求】
                          1. 写作过程中不能直接引用原文语句;
                          2. 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称;
                          3. 不必写标题。
                          【评分标准】
                          内容完整,语言规范,语篇连贯,词数适当。

                          2017届高三年级第一次模拟考试(镇江市)
                          英语参考答案

                          第一部分:听力(共两节,满分20分)
                          1—5 BCBAA 6—10 BCBCC 11—15 BABBA 16—20 BBABB
                          第二部分:英语知识运用 (共两节,满分35分)
                          第一节:单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)
                          21—25 CBBDB 26—30 DBADB 31—35 ADBDA
                          第二节:完形填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)
                          36—40 BADBC 41—45 ACADB 46—50 CDABC
                          51—55 DCABD
                          第三部分:阅读理解(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
                          56—60 BABAD 61—65 BCABD 66—70 ABDCD
                          第四部分:任务型阅读(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
                          71. brought 72. secure 73. appearing/emerging 74. turn/look 75. possible 76. Despite
                          77. difference 78. existence 79. association
                          80. Whatever
                          第五部分:书面表达(满分25分)
                          One possible version:
                          As is vividly illustrated above, success is like an iceberg floating in the sea. Only a small part of it can be seen while most of it is invisible under the water.
                          When talking about success, people often fix their mind on success itself, ignoring some hidden factors. I hold the belief that although dedication, hard work and discipline are key elements of success, failure and sacrifice are also significant. Those who are unwilling to be persistent will end in failure. On the whole, hard work is the leading factor.

                          听力录音稿
                          Text 1
                          M: May I speak to Mary, please?
                          W: She's not here right now. This is her sister speaking. Can I take a message?
                          M: Could you ask her to call Max Peterson at 465-878-4931…
                          W: Hold on one second, Mr. Peterson. Let me just get a pen.
                          Text 2
                          W: I'm going to spend the next year studying in London. Someone told me that you once lived there.
                          M: Oh, but I was just a kid at that time.
                          Text 3
                          M: Lydia, I haven't seen you for ages! How have you been doing?
                          W: Um, do I know you?
                          M: Oh, dear, I'm terribly sorry! You look like one of my old friends.
                          Text 4
                          M: Could I have three pounds of apples, please?
                          W: Sure. They are one dollar a pound.
                          M: OK, let me just get my wallet here we are Uh-oh. I'm so sorry about this, but could I have just two  pounds instead of three?
                          W: No problem, sir.
                          Text 5
                          M: As we all know, shopping plays a very important role in people's lives, and it is many people's favorite activity, especially for women.
                          W: I couldn't agree with you more. In order to promote sales, both sellers and producers place a variety of shopping ads in newspapers, magazines, and on the radio and television.
                          Text 6
                          M: Is everything ready for Billy's birthday party?
                          W: Yes. I finished making the birthday cake and I put everything on the table. Did you find the party hats?
                          M: Yes, I did. I put one for each child on the table. I put up the big 揌appy Birthday
                          W: Thanks, honey. Do you think we have enough for the kids to eat and drink?
                          M: I'm sure we do. Here's enough food to feed an army.
                          W: That birthday cake looks beautiful, but you haven't put any candles on it yet.
                          M: Thanks for reminding me. I've prepared some party games for the children, too.
                          W: Great. I bought a tape with a lot of children's songs on it.
                          M: Hopefully, that will keep everyone happy.
                          Text 7
                          M: What a nice garden! Look at these flowers!
                          W: That would be a good shot. Can you take my picture here, dear? Please try to get the garden in the frame as well.
                          M: All right. Would you please stand closer to the flowers? Good. Smile. Say cheese. OK, got it. That's terrific.
                          W: Thanks. Could you take one more from this angle?
                          M: No problem… Got it.
                          W: Now let's take one together.
                          M: Do you know how to set it to take a picture of the two of us?
                          W: Let me see... We just push this button… OK, come here!
                          M: OK, here I come!
                          W: Cheese!
                          M: Did it come out?
                          W: Yes, but it's a little dark.
                          M: Never mind. Let's go to the falls and try again.
                          W: OK, let's go.
                          Text 8
                          M: We still have one more day to go before we return home. What do you want to see tomorrow?
                          W: No idea. We've enjoyed both the natural scenery and the city sights. What else is there to see?
                          M: How about a factory tour?
                          W: You mean visit a factory?
                          M: Yes. I heard there's a large car company nearby that is open to the public every weekend. We can go there to see how a car is made and learn more about the car industry.
                          W: Good idea! I've always been interested in that. How much is the entrance fee?
                          M: I'm not sure, but as far as I know, most factory tours are free. They are sponsored by the car company providing the tour.
                          W: Really? What do the companies do that for?
                          M: I believe most of them think of it as good public relations. They can promote their products and make their company better known.
                          W: Oh, I see. So, factory tours are good for companies as well as visitors.
                          M: Exactly.
                          W: Do we need to make an appointment in advance?
                          M: I'll call the tourist information center to check.
                          Text 9
                          M: Excuse me. How much is this suit?
                          W: It's on sale today for $750. It's normally $900.
                          M: Wow, that is pretty expensive! I was thinking that it might be four or five hundred.
                          W: This material is imported from Italy. It's the finest in the world, and if you bought a suit made of this material at many department stores, you would pay about two thousand dollars.
                          M: Uh-huh… but isn't that the point of coming to a market like this, to get a discount compared to the expensive department stores? Besides, I saw a suit just like this one a few stalls down, and they were selling it for $600. I still thought that was too expensive.
                          W: It's possible that the suit you saw was the same color as this one but made of a different material. Unfortunately, our prices are final, and we think they're the lowest anywhere in the city.
                          M: Could I try it on first?
                          W: Of course, sir. The dressing room is down there to your left.
                          M: Yes, I see it. Could I also take a tie to try on? I'm not actually looking to buy one, but I do want to see how the suit looks on me if I wear a tie.
                          W: No problem. I'll have my assistant bring you a few ties that we give our customers for this exact purpose.
                          M: Great. I'll be back in a minute… So, how do I look?
                          W: You look very handsome, sir. This suit is made for you!
                          M: Thank you. I like it very much. It fits perfectly, and the style will never go out of fashion. The only thing is that I still think it is a bit too expensive. Couldn't you lower the price by just a little?
                          W: I'm not the owner of the shop, sir. Otherwise, I might be able to reduce the price.
                          Text 10
                          Good evening to you, and a good evening it is! In fact, it's absolutely beautiful outside. Of course, it's all due to the winds of March! Yes, if you were outside around 2:00 p.m., you were probably blown right off your feet. We had wind this afternoon that was blowing at 50 mph! You could see large umbrellas from food carts rolling down the sidewalks—a few of them blew right into traffic and caused a few accidents. Fortunately, though, the wind died down to a more reasonable 15 mph by 4:30 p.m.
                          Now, the forecast for tonight is for the temperature to stay around 60 degrees Fahrenheit with a light breeze—just enough for a light sweater. It should be a clear night, great for all you astronomers and star gazers. Enjoy it while you can because the clouds will begin to roll in again tomorrow, and they will be staying for a while.
                          Yes, for the next three days, you can expect clouds, the daytime temperature to drop to around 50, and a 90 percent chance of light rain on and off throughout the day. The temperature at night will be about 36-40 degrees, so you should expect some frost in the early mornings. Well, that's all. Go out there and enjoy a lovely, warm, star-filled evening tonight. Tomorrow, take your raincoat and umbrella as you head out the door!

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